Summer 2019 Defense Comment 17 Continued on page 18 A lthough few of us will practice international human rights law, this is an interesting story about the Nuremberg World War II war crimes trial, and the development of that body of law. East West Street (Alfred A. Knopf – 2016) is the story of the genesis of two related but distinct legal theories, and the legal scholars who were very involved in the creation and application of those theories for the Nuremburg trial. While not related in a family sense, the book gets its title from the street where the two legal scholars who played such a major role in the legal theories had lived in the Polish (now Ukranian) town of Lemberg. (Lemberg is now known as “Lviv” and was also called “Lvov” and “Lwow” at various times over the past 150 years.) The author, Philippe Sands, has written a number of books on international law, and learned that his own grandfather had lived on the same street. He traces his own family’s story during and after the war as well. Rafael Lemkin was born in 1901 and raised on a rural farm, and made his way to Lwow after World War I ended. He attended the university there and received his doctoral degree in law in 1924. Lemkin created the legal theory (and the word itself) of the crime of genocide. Lemkin eventually immigrated to the United States, where he worked for various government agencies. Hersch Lauterpacht was born in 1897 in a small town near Lemberg. His family moved to Lemberg in 1910, and he enrolled in the same university as Lemkin, although he left Lemberg in early 1923 and moved to England, where he enrolled at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He received his doctorate in international law in London, and became a professor in England. Unlike Lemkin, he was quite dismissive of the legal theory of “genocide,” believing that perpetrators of mass murder, even racial, should be prosecuted for “crimes against humanity.” East West Street David A. Levy